8 Natural Vegetatives in Plants and Affecting Factors


8 Natural Vegetatives in Plants and Affecting Factors

natural vegetative
Written by Wida Kurniasih

Natural vegetative is one of the ways in which plants reproduce. Not only animals, plants will also grow and reproduce. As you know, there are many types of plants on this earth.

These plants reproduce in different ways. One of them is natural vegetative. What is natural vegetative? This article will discuss the definition of natural vegetative, types of natural vegetative and factors that influence natural vegetative.

Natural Vegetative Understanding

Hands holding and caring a green young plant

Natural vegetative or natural vegetative development is a process of self-replication. This natural vegetative occurs non-sexually. In another sense, it is done naturally without involving human intervention.

Natural vegetative growth can occur in plants. The processes that occur in plants occur in various ways. Plants that carry out natural vegetative reproduction will reproduce using these plant parts. The plant does not need human hands in the breeding process, because it will use parts of the plant itself.

Vegetation Ecology : Objectives & Methods

Vegetation Ecology : Objectives & Methods

Buy Books at GramediaThis book can be an inspiration and foundation for vegetation research, for students, teachers, and experts. Vegetation ecology includes the study of vegetation variation with respect to geographic distribution and the study of the developmental changes and stability of vegetation in the context of time.

Natural Vegetative Types

Soy plant evolution with leaves, flowers and pods. Vector illustration.

The following are various types of natural vegetative development in plants:

1. Tubers

The propagation of bulbous plants is carried out through the tubers themselves. The tubers will be planted to produce new plants afterwards. There are three types of propagation via tubers. Tubers, stem tubers and root tubers.

a. Tubers

The bulbs are thickened leaves. The leaves surround the stem and are disc-shaped on the inside of the soil. The layer tubers will thicken, because they are used as a place to store the food part.

Layers of tubers are the layers of tubers. This part is called the bud. The buds will grow bigger over time. Eventually, the buds will form cloves.

  •   Tubers consist of several main parts. The section is divided into five, namely:
  •   Basal plate. This section is the bottom of the tuber or where the roots grow.
  •   Fleshy scales. This section is the main storage network.
  •   tunic. This part is a cover of fleshy scales.
  •   Shoots. This part is the developing flower bud.
  •   Side tunas.

The cloves can grow into a new plant. There are several examples of plants that reproduce by tubers. Such as garlic, shallots, onions, daffodils, gladiolus, lilies and so on.

b. Stem tubers

Stem tubers are stems that grow in the ground. The end of the stem will enlarge. Used as a place to store food in these plants.

Inside the stem tubers, there are buds. The buds will grow into new plants. Examples of tuber plants are taro, sweet potatoes, potatoes, and so on.

c. Root tuber

The third type of natural vegetative tuber is the root tuber. Root tubers are roots that grow and enlarge in the ground. The goal is to store food reserves in these plants. Root tubers will reproduce using shoots.

The shoot grows from the remaining stem of the plant. Examples of root tuber propagation are cassava, radish, carrots, dahlia flowers, yam and so on.

2. Buds

The next natural vegetative propagation is budding. Shoots will generally grow in the axils of leaves, stem segments, the tip of the stem. In addition, shoots can also grow wild, such as those that grow on leaves of Cocor Bebek.

Such shoots are called adventitious shoots. If the shoots grow around the parent, it will form a clump. This form is a collection of the parent plant and its child shoots.

Examples of natural vegetative shoots can occur in banana and bamboo plants. In addition, breadfruit and sugarcane also reproduce through shoots. Shoots will grow in one of the parts of these plants.

3. Remaining roots

What is abiding root? Dwelling roots are one of the natural vegetative types that occur in plants. Root stay or stump is a stem that grows in the ground.

The stem will grow in a horizontal position. Its shape is scaly and bookish. Generally, the remaining root will be fleshy.

On the underside of the scales, it will look like a bud. The bud will grow into a new plant. Examples of these living roots are temulawak, ginger, turmeric, kencur, and galangal.

4. Persistent

Geragih or stolon is a stem that grows in a creeping manner. This stem can grow in the ground or on the surface of the ground. Passionate will grow like books. The tip will also be overgrown with buds. The sprout will grow into a new plant. Examples of natural vegetative plants are hyacinths, strawberries, teki grass, arbei, and pegagan.

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5. Rhizomes

A rhizome is a stem that grows into the soil layer. Rhizome is a natural vegetative which grows horizontally. On the stem of the plant, will grow shoots. In addition to buds, new roots will also grow there. Examples of plants that reproduce by rhizomes are turmeric, temulawak, and ginger.

6. Stolons

Stolons also include natural vegetative reproduction. This stolon is almost the same as the rhizome. However, the difference lies in how it will grow.

On stolons, stems will grow horizontally towards the ground. When the stem touches the root, new shoots and plant roots will form. The connection between mother plants will not break.

Even though the new plants have grown independently. An example of a stolon is a plant stolon. In addition, strawberry plants are also included in the natural vegetative nature of stolons.

READ ALSO: Distribution of Flora and Fauna in Indonesia and in the World

7. Quite a lot

Spores are vegetative development which is carried out by the formation of small sacs. The small sac will contain genetic material. This genetic material can survive in critical conditions.

When conditions support growth, the spores will grow. This growth will become a new plant. Examples of this spore reproduction are mosses and liverworts.

8. Splitting

Splitting themselves is not only done by animals. However, plants can also reproduce by dividing themselves. Plants that reproduce by dividing themselves aim to multiply their species. One example of a plant that can divide is volvox.

Exciting Questions and Answers About Plants

Exciting Questions and Answers About Plants

Buy Books at GramediaThis book is full of great answers! The illustrations and fun facts help answer many questions about plants.

Factors That Can Affect Natural Vegetative.

Diplocarpon rosae, rose black spot disease

1. Temperature factor or ambient temperature

The first factor that can affect natural vegetative propagation is temperature or temperature in the environment. This factor will determine the growth and development, reproduction and survival of plants. Generally, a good temperature for plants is between 22 degrees Celsius to 37 degrees Celsius.

Temperatures that are less than that will make plants grow less well. On the contrary, temperatures that exceed that are also not good for plants. Regulation of temperature or temperature that is not right will make plant growth slow, even can stop.

2. Air humidity factor

The second factor that can affect natural vegetation is air humidity. The amount of water in the air can be an influence on the growth of plants. A good water level will certainly make the plant grow into a good plant.

A damp place will benefit the plant more. The place will make plants get to it more easily. It will also reduce evaporation. Evaporation that is too frequent in plants will have an impact on cell formation which tends to be faster.

3. Sunlight factor

Sunlight is also an important factor in plant growth. Sunlight will be much needed. When carrying out photosynthesis, especially in green plants, of course, they need sunlight.

When a plant lacks sunlight, the plant will look pale. In addition, the color of these plants becomes yellowish or etiolation. However, there are plants that should not be exposed to the sun.

These plants are sprouts. In sprouts, sunlight will actually inhibit the growth process. As a result, the sprouts do not grow properly.

4. Hormonal factors

The fourth factor for plant growth is the hormone factor. Hormones in plants play an important role. Especially when the process of development and plant growth. There are several kinds of hormones that are important for plants.

First, the auxin hormone will work by helping cell elongation. Second, there is also gibberellin which functions for cell division and elongation. Third, the hormone cytokinin which will help activate the division of plant cells. The four hormones ethylene, this hormone will make the fruit ripening process faster.

That is the explanation of natural vegetative. Find other interesting information at www.gramedia.com . Gramedia as #FriendsWithoutLimits will always present interesting articles and recommendations for the best books for Grameds.

100 Unique Plant Facts

100 Unique Plant Facts

Buy Books at Gramedia


Author: Wida Kurniasih

Source: from various sources

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